Physiotherapy plays an effective and important role in musculoskeletal disorders. It helps to restore the anatomical and physiological functioning of the human body. Musculoskeletal physiotherapy majorly focuses on the biomechanical and structural rehabilitation of the patients or an individual. Their main goal is to maximize the potential of functional movement of the individuals so that they can perform their daily activities in a proper manner.
Musculoskeletal disorders mainly focuses on :
 Degenerative changes due to ageing ( for eg. arthritis, frozen shoulder etc.)
 Neck pain
 Back pain
 Sciatica
 Sports injuries
 Post fracture stiffness
 Post surgical stiffness (TKR – Total Knee Replacement, THR – Total Hip Replacement etc.)
 Traumatic injuries,
 Ligament injuries,
 Sprain and strain
 Aching
 Muscle Weakness or fatigue
 Stiffness of the entire body
 Fibromyalgia
 Sleep Disturbances
 Pulled muscle
 Twitching muscles
 Reduced or loss of range of motion
 Congenital conditions
 Muscle imbalance
Treatment in physiotherapy based on initial assessment. According to the assessment, your physical therapist will advise you about the further treatment. They will set the protocol and how many sessions are required for you. The exercises sessions and plan would have to follow for better recovery and to prevent from further injury.
The physiotherapy treatment includes following techniques :
 Pain management
 Electrotherapy – This includes TENS (Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation), IFT (Interferential Therapy), US (Ultrasonic Therapy), Nerve stimulation.
 Manual therapy – which includes muscle releases, mobilization, manipulations.
 Dry needling Technique – It is an invasive procedure which basically used to release myofascial trigger points through a fine needle.
 Cupping therapy- This is an ancient technique which include cups that creates suction over the tighten muscles.
 Spinal decompression therapy – This is a non – surgical alternative procedure to treat the prolapsed disc of lumbar and cervical spine.
 Exercise therapy – includes stretching exercises for tighten muscles, strengthening exercises for weak muscle, core strengthening exercises, theraband exercises, close and open chain exercises etc.
Physiotherapy contributes to the patient recovery and enhance the quality of life in various ways:
• Improves muscle strength, flexibility and mobility.
• Improves range of motion of joints and quality of movement.
• Improves balance, coordination and control of the movement.
• Relieves pain or get rid of it, entirely.
• Helps the patient or an individual to develop coping strategies to help them deal with pain or difficulty in performing the daily activities of living during the recovery process.
• Helps you to attain the physical exercise or fitness goals.
• Helps in educating and consolidating healthy ways of moving to lessen the possibility of developing musculoskeletal disorders in the future.